In 1932, she earned her Bachelor’s Degree and in 1934 earned her Master’s Degree in Nursing Education, both from Teachers College at Columbia University. Methodology: This document illustrates a case study integrating Virginia Henderson’s need theory and nursing theory process. The fourteen components of Henderson’s concept are as follows: While a nurse’s job is to care for patients, it is also to help patients be able to care for themselves when they leave the healthcare facility. EVOLUTION OF THEORY Virginia Henderson was the nurse-theorist who devoted her career to defining nursing practice. EVALUATION OF A NURSING THEORY 3 on the importance of independence. The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or peaceful death) that he/she would perform unaided if he/she had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. Caring the main aspect of nursing is difficult to measure. Ironically, I was a student at Yale School of Nursing and now teach at Teachers College Columbia University. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the key points of Virginia Henderson’s theory “Concepts of Nursing” (CON) and its application in practice using specific examples. Concepts The concept of a theory is what it represents (Chinn & Kramer, 2011). One nurse's personal concept of the essential function of nursing, and of the implications of this concept for nursing practice, research, and education. All of these roles are to help the patient become as independent as possible. In the majority of cases, health care professionals will not be at the patient's home to help them with their daily living, so the more autonomous the better. 2011). Henderson’s CON is a grand theory written in 1978. The primary nursing care, in the view of Virginia Henderson, has the proposal to help the patient in maintaining or creating a healthy life strategy. Biography of Virginia Henderson. Virginia Henderson was born in Kansas City, Missouri, the daughter of Daniel Brosius Henderson and Lucy Minor Abbot. Nursing theories are abundant in the literature and in nursing curricula, but none have been applied to the donation process. 17, No. To that end, nurses should be caring for the patient while, at the same time, be helping the patient become more independent and reach goals and milestones on the road to health. Virginia Hendersons Nursing Theory Handout 1 NURS 600, Fall 2008, Idaho State University. Some features of the site may not work correctly. 1 1 2. Buy; Abstract. The nursing role emphasized by Virginia Henderson is assisting individuals who lack necessary strength, will and knowledge to satisfy one or more of fourteen basic needs. Died: March 19, 1996. DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol17No02ManOS Health Promotion and disease prevention is a familiar nursing refrain. But the basic principal of nursing ‘caring’ remained unchanged. Articles: PDF Only. She defined nursing care as follows: Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities. 2 3. Citation: Burggraf, V., (January 31, 2012) "Overview and Summary: The New Millennium: Evolving and Emerging Nursing Roles" OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. concurrently. Introduction: The application of nursing theories into clinical practice varies from context to context. Theory Application Paper Virginia Henderson was well known as a theorist, educator, researcher, author, and scholar. Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory addresses this issue and helps nurses help patients so that they can care for themselves when they leave the healthcare facility. You are currently offline. Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment. The nature of nursing : a definition and its implications for practice, research, and education : reflections after 25 years by Virginia A. Henderson Call Number: RT84.5 .H46 1991 Basic principles of nursing care (1969) by Virginia Henderson The need theory developed by Henderson was based on her nursing practice and education (Wills, 2014). Objective: to describe the application of the nursing process to a working elderly based on the theory of Virginia Henderson. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Her Nursing Need Theory defines the role of nursing practice. Eat and drink adequately. Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions. 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The Nursing Need Theory was developed by Virginia Henderson and was derived from her practice and education. In 1985, honored at the Annual Meeting of the Nursing and Allied Health Section of the Medical Library Association. In 1921, Henderson graduated from the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D.C. So it is necessary to have a well-defined nursing theory to explain and analysis what nurses do. Henderson died on March 19, 1996. CLASS PRESENTATION ON VIRGINIA HENDERSON’S NURSING THEORY PRESENTER: Mandeep Kaur M.Sc.1st Year Roll No. The same year, she was also honored at the Annual Meeting of the Nursing and Allied Health Section of the Medical Library Association. Theory-practice integration in selected clinical situations. This will help ensure that the patient has fewer setbacks during recovery from the illness or injury, and will help the transition into self-care be smoother since a nurse will be helping and supervising along the way until the patient goes home. For those nurses who work in rehabilitation, Henderson’s theory is one that can be easily used every day, and it will be the patients who benefit from it. AORN J 64 (Aug 1996) 261–270. The theory, developed after many years of study, research and practical experience, presents a humane and holistic care plan for patients and defines nursing with dignity and honor. Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others. In 1985, Henderson was presented with the first Christianne Reimann Prize from the International Council of Nurses. Noted nursing theorist Virginia Henderson (1897–1996), often referred to as the “first lady of nursing,” developed a nursing model based on activities of living. Modern nursing theory began with Virginia Henderson in the 1960s. This article describes how the element of caring is an essential function of perioperative nursing and relates the perioperative nursing role to the work of three nursing theorists (ie, Florence Nightingale; Virginia Henderson, RN, AM; Carol L. Montgomery, RN, PhD). Noted nursing theorist Virginia Henderson (1897–1996), often referred to as the “first lady of nursing,” developed a nursing model based on activities of living. In 1939, she revised: Harmer’s classic textbook of nursing for its 4th edition, and later wrote the 5th; edition, incorporating her personal definition of nursing (Henderson,1991) Integrating Nursing Theory and Process into Practice; Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory Conclusion: This paper is an example of theory based nursing care that can enhance the human health. Henderson is well known for her definition of nursing, which says, “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.”. 2) Theory Application Article: Application of Virginia Henderson’s Needs Theory on Elderly According to a research by Fernandes, Guedes, Silva, and Borges (2016), Virginia Henderson’s definition of nursing and the nursing process was precise. Play or participate in various forms of recreation. After earning her Master’s Degree, she stayed on at Teachers College as a faculty member, where she remained until 1948. I also identify with Virginia’s beliefs on nursing as a discipline with a distinct body of knowledge and her emphasis on nursing education and nursing research. Virginia Henderson’s 14 basic needs defined nursing. In her grand theory of nursing, she deﬁned nursing as “assisting individuals to gain independence in the performance of activities contributing to health or its recovery (Henderson, 1966, p. 15). Henderson was the first to receive this honor. Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument. https://www.slideshare.net/HANA290/virginia-henderson-59147023 For more detailed information: Need Theory, © Copyright 2020 Alice Petiprin, Nursing-Theory.org. In 1979, the Connecticut Nurses Association established the Virginia Henderson Award for outstanding contributions to nursing research. Henderson described the role of the nurse as one of the following: substitutive, which is doing something for the patient; supplementary, which is helping the patient do something; or complementary, which is working with the patient to do something. Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment. Nursing theory is defined as’ a conceptualisation of some aspect of nursing reality for the purpose of describing, explaining, predicting nursing care’ (Meleis, 1997 as cited in Parker 2001, p.5). Henderson’s goal was not to develop a theory of nursing, but rather to define the unique focus of nursing practice. Methodology: This document illustrates a case study integrating Virginia Henderson’s need theory and nursing theory process. AJN, American Journal of Nursing: August 1964 - p 62-68. Henderson’s theory is very broad however has been applied to primary levels of nursing. Need Theory of Nursing – Virginia Henderson Philosophy of Nursing refilwe May 16, 2018 Health 0 Comments 6594 views Henderson’s theory stresses the priority of patient self-determination so the patient will continue doing well after being released from the hospital. Both schools had an impact on and were influenced by Virginia Henderson. Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress, Nursing Theories: The Base for Professional Nursing Practice, Nursing Theorists and Their Work Eighth Edition, Fundamental Skills and Concepts in Patient Care, Integrated Knowledge Development in Nursing, Theory and Nursing: Integrated Knowledge Development, International journal of environmental research and public health, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. Written works by Virginia Henderson include: Henderson’s Need Theory emphasizes the importance of patient independence so that the patient will continue to progress after being released from the hospital. Virginia Henderson’s need theory is considered close to realism and is applicable in Pakistani context. Named for the State her mother longed for, she returned there at age four and began her schooling at Bellevue, a preparatory school owned by "Grandfather", William Richardson Abbot. Henderson had the pioneering view that nursing stands separately from medicine and that nursing consists of … Aim: The aim of the paper is to elaborate the application of nursing theory into clinical setting for deliverance of nursing care and to address gap between theory and practice in Pakistani context. The Nursing Theories guide this process contributing to a better understanding of the subject in their disease process, as well as in the management of their attitudes to this process. The Henderson theory of nursing encompasses a definition of nursing, a description of the function of a nurse, and the enumeration of the 14 components that make up basic nursing care. The theory focuses on the importance of increasing the patient’s independence to hasten their progress in the hospital. Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory addresses this issue and helps nurses help patients so that they can care for themselves when they leave the healthcare facility. The ultimate goal is to support an individual in life activities and the attainment of independence. Virginia henderson's theory of nursing 1. But addressing the needs of patient is crucial in providing quality care, across the globe. All Rights Reserved, Nursing Theories and a Philosophy of Nursing, A Statistical Look at Patient-Centered Care, Nemours Brings Nursing Opportunities to Central Florida, How Have the Sequester Cuts Affected Nursing and Health Care, A Virginia Henderson Reader: Excellence in Nursing, Textbook of the Principles and Practice of Nursing, 5th Edition. Virginia Henderson was born on November 30, 1897 in Kansas City, … Since the 1970s, the literature on nursing theory has focused upon two levels She categorized nursing activities into fourteen components based on human needs. Select suitable clothes-dress and undress. Nursing theor… Henderson was often referred to as the mother of nursing in the modern day era ("Virginia Avenel Henderson," 1996). As a patient receives treatment and is on the road to recovery, it’s important that the patient is able to take care of him or herself after being released from medical care. Virginia Burggraf, DNS, RN, C, FAAN. After graduating from the Army School of Nursing, Henderson worked at the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service for two years. The Nursing Need Theory was developed by Virginia Henderson to define the unique focus of nursing practice. 2, Overview and Summary. Virginia Henderson was born on November 30, 1897 in Kansas City, Missouri, and was the fifth of eight children in her family. Henderson received Honorary Doctoral degrees from the Catholic University of America, Pace University, the University of Rochester, the University of Western Ontario, and Yale University. HENDERSON VIRGINIA. For more than seventy years, Henderson has been a visible force for nursing across numerous geographic boundaries. After 1953, Henderson served as a research associate at the Yale University School of Nursing. In 1923, she started teaching nursing at the Norfolk Protestant Hospital in Norfolk, Virginia. She was also an honorary fellow of the United Kingdom’s Royal College of Nursing. One nursing theory that could be utilized by an organi-zation seeking Magnet status is Virginia Henderson’s theory, often called the “Definition of Nursing.” Henderson’s theory provides a concrete definition of nursing care and delineates specific areas in which nursing care is needed (Pokorny, 2010). There is hardly any local literature regarding theory application into practice in our setting. Nursing is an art of caring. Breathe normally. Nursing has undergone a dramatic change over the past few decades.